Explore the Butterflies France: Latest Update

By Alyssa Kingsbury

France is home to a large variety of butterfly species that come in a wide range of hues, sizes, and patterns. Some have more specialized habitats, while others are widely distributed across the nation. Let’s examine some of the most distinctive and fascinating butterflies that live in France in more detail.

Camberwell Beauty

You may find this beautiful butterfly all around Europe, including France. It is easily recognized because of its huge size and unique markings of black and yellow. During the summer, migratory species like the Camberwell Beauty can be spotted in France.

Spanish Festoon:

The Spanish Festoon butterfly has an almost royal aspect due to its distinctive red, white, and black wing pattern. It is typically found in France’s southern regions, especially in the hilly ones. Additionally, the Camargue region’s conservation efforts are symbolized by this butterfly.


The swallowtail butterfly is one of the most common species in France. It is a sight to behold with its huge wingspan and vivid markings of black and yellow. This species is found across France, including in cities, meadows, and gardens. Moreover, the swallowtail is Provence’s official state butterfly.

Scarce Swallowtails:

As its name suggests, the sparse swallowtail is a rare species in France. Its wings feature a unique pattern of black, white, and yellow, and it is primarily found in southern regions. In addition to its unusual flight pattern—gliding and hovering as opposed to fluttering—this butterfly is well-known for it.

Large Blue:

In France, the huge blue butterfly is considered a rare and protected species. It is unique to particular areas, such as the Pyrenees mountains, and can be recognized by its metallic blue color. The population of this stunning butterfly has increased as a result of conservation initiatives, making it a unique discovery for butterfly fans.

Purple Emperor:

Found in the woodlands of central and southern France, the Purple Emperor butterfly is a rare and hidden species. Its wings are a shiny blue-purple tint that sets it apart from other butterflies. This species is distinguished by its unusual habit of perching on trees and hardly ever dropping to eat.

More Butterflies to See in France

More Butterflies to See in France

Many more butterflies are worth mentioning, but those mentioned above are among the most popular and beautiful species in France. Here are a few more butterflies that you should search for when touring France.

Adonis Blue:

It makes sense that the Greek goddess of beauty and passion gave this butterfly its name. It’s quite the sight, with bright blue wings and black patterns. The Adonis Blue is widespread throughout France, especially in open meadows and mountainous places. 

Brown of Woodland:

This butterfly is often found in forest settings throughout France, as its name implies. It blends perfectly with its environment due to the design of its brown and orange wings. When you go for walks in the forest, look for the Woodland Brown, which is visible from late spring to early October.

Golden Fritillary:

You can see this gorgeously patterned butterfly all around France in meadows and heathlands. Its distinctive orange, brown, and black markings on its wings set it apart from other butterflies. In its natural habitat, the Heath Fritillary plays a significant role in plant pollination.

Dark Green Fritillary:

The wings of the huge, eye-catching Dark Green Fritillary butterfly have an unusual pattern of orange and dark green. It usually inhabits grasslands and meadows in France, where it consumes flower nectar. Long-distance migration is another feature of this species’ reputation.

Gloomy Skipper:

Even though its colors aren’t the most vivid, the Dingy Skipper is still a fascinating butterfly to see in France. Its brown and beige-patterned wings are a common feature in grassy environments. Another characteristic of this species is its swift, darting flight.

Map Butterfly:

Th Map butterfly’s name comes from the markings on its wings that are like a European map. It feeds on thistles and other plants and is often found in central and southern France. In certain cultures, this species is also a representation of good fortune.

A few interesting details about French butterflies 

One of the most interesting insects in France is the butterfly. Across the nation, one can observe these vibrant butterflies flying through fields, parks, and gardens. France is home to a vast population of butterflies, with around 250 species. We’ll look at some fascinating information regarding butterflies in France in this document.

Variety of Species:

As was previously noted, there are more than 250 species of butterflies in France. These include both migrating and native species. Among the most common species in France are the red admiral, meadow brown, small tortoiseshell, and European peacock. France’s diverse terrain, which includes mountains, woods, meadows, and coastal regions, contributes to the country’s abundance of butterfly species.


In France, butterflies can be found in a variety of settings. While certain species are more frequently found in wooded places or close to bodies of water, others prefer open fields and meadows that are abundant with wildflowers. The Camargue region of France, famous for its vast wetlands and profusion of marsh fritillary butterflies, is one of the most well-known butterfly habitats.

Part of the Ecosystem:

In many ways, butterflies support the delicate balance of ecosystems. They are crucial insects that support plant growth and fertilization. Additionally, birds, bats, and other insect-eating creatures eat butterflies. Their continued existence in an ecosystem can also reveal information about its general health and biodiversity.

Risks Against Butterflies:

In France, butterflies are threatened in several ways despite their significance. Loss of habitat as a result of agriculture and urbanization is one of the main problems. Butterfly populations can be harmed by agricultural pesticides. Other significant issues include pollution and climate change, which have an impact on food availability and migratory patterns.

Safty Activities:

In France, several conservation initiatives are being carried out to safeguard butterfly populations. These include establishing eco-friendly farming methods, designing habitats that are conducive to butterflies in parks and gardens, and spreading awareness of the need to protect natural environments. Successful citizen science programs have also been able to track butterfly populations and gather crucial information for conservation and research.

End words

There are many different species of butterflies in France, each with special traits and exquisite beauty. When visiting France, keep a look out for these fluttering beauties whether you’re a nature aficionado or just enjoy the beauty of the natural world. Who knows, maybe you’ll catch a glimpse of one of the rare and uncommon species like the Large Blue or Purple Emperor.

We can support conservation efforts and ensure that these butterflies are around for future generations by being knowledgeable about and enjoying them. Go forward and discover the stunning world of French butterflies.  


1. Do every kind of butterflies in France face extinction?

No, not every species of butterfly found in France is listed as endangered. Nonetheless, decreasing populations may have led to the protection of some elusive and rare species. 

2. Can I locate butterflies in French cities?

Indeed, several species of butterflies can be found in France’s cities and metropolitan areas. Sightings of painted ladies and cabbage whites are frequent.

3. Should I take any extra safety measures when I see butterflies in France?

It’s crucial to respect butterflies’ natural habitats and to avoid harming or gathering them in any manner. It is also advised to avoid handling or touching the butterflies directly and to use binoculars or a camera instead. Thus, maintain a safe and considerate distance and admire these magnificent creatures.